Everything you need to know about ceramic tiles

Everything you need to know about ceramic tiles

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An excellent choice for covering floors and walls, ceramic tiles refer to tiles that are made essentially from wet clay with which various components of natural origin are associated. Depending on the strength and aesthetics sought, different natural materials are used. On this basis, we can divide ceramic tiles into two main categories: terracotta and sandstone. Find more articles on the theme: Quote work for a tiling installation


For the manufacture of terracotta, the material associated with clay is sand. Thicker than sandstone, this type of tile is obtained after firing at around 900 ° C of the mixture. The material resulting from this operation is then treated against stains and moisture before it can be used in tiles. It is in this category of tiling that we classify tomettes, enamels and earthenware. The first are terracotta tiles which are distinguished by their hexagonal shape and mainly red in color. Used in the creation of mosaics, the enamels are covered with a hard coating before baking. In terms of earthenware, it consists of sand, clay-limestone rock and clay whose color is much lighter. Terracotta (tomettes, enamels and earthenware) are mainly used for the realization of tiles, slabs and pavers.


Sandstone is obtained by mixing clay with various mineral compounds such as quartz or feldspar. In general, there are two main types: porcelain stoneware and stretched stoneware. They have an almost similar composition, but differ in many points. Porcelain stoneware is in fact obtained after firing at almost 1300 ° C and thus enjoys excellent resistance. Stretched sandstone is a little more flexible, and is an excellent accessory in the rustic style.

Which ceramic tile to choose?

To choose your ceramic tiles well, it is important to take into account different parameters such as your budget, your decorative tastes, the resistance, the cost of maintenance ... For example, if you want to favor robustness, porcelain stoneware is an excellent choice. It is also accessible to modest budgets (from 20 euros). However, with regard to the aesthetic aspect, porcelain stoneware is somewhat limited, allowing only cold tones. A little in the same price range, earthenware is much more fragile, but it allows more colors. Enamels and other terracotta offer rather average resistance for an equally average budget. Finally, in terms of maintenance, it is quite simple and inexpensive for all types of tiles. Soap and water are enough to shine your earthenware, your enamels, your porcelain stoneware and your other ceramic tiles.